On the back porch
The Goliad Garrison and the Alamo had both suffered defeats when Sam Houston on April 21, 1836 led his army of some 900 men, many who were new arrivals from the United States, in a battle that would prove to be the deciding battle that would allow the Republic of Texas to become an independent country. This battle, that only lasted 18 minutes, resulted in the Mexicans being thoroughly routed, and hundreds were taken prisoner, a resounding defeat for General Antonio López de Santa Anna’s Mexican army. The Battle of San Jacinto, was fought along the San Jacinto River, in an area that would see the rise of the city of Houston which was destined to become the largest city in present day Texas.
Both General Santa Anna and General Cos escaped during the battle. The next day on April 22nd , General Santa Anna was captured, and two days later General Cos was captured. Three weeks later, Santa Anna signed the peace treaty that stipulated that the Mexican army leave the region, and in exchange for his freedom, Santa Anna signed a treaty recognizing Texas’ independence. In addition, Santa Anna was to lobby for Mexico to recognize Texas as a sovereign nation. However, Santa Anna’s power was rendered null and void as his position had been compromised and Mexico chose to abrogate the treaty resulting in Texas/Mexico border tensions escalating. Ensuing clashes between Texan and Mexican forces saw the Texans’ rallying cries from events of the war, “Remember the Alamo!” and “Remember Goliad!” became etched into Texan history and legend. On December 29, 1845, Texas entered the United States as the 28th state resulting in the war between the United States and Mexico (April 1846–February 1848) The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, forced onto the remnant Mexican government, ended the war. Texas Independence Day is the celebration of the adoption of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836. This declaration was signed by 59 delegates, all of which were settlers in frontier Texas as they officially declared independence from Mexico and created the Republic of Texas. The most decisive battle for Texas Independence was the Battle of San Jacinto, April 21, 1836.
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